Child labour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on part or full-time basis. The practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development. Poverty, lack of good schools and growth of informal economy are considered as the important causes of child labour in India.
In December 2014, the U.S. Department of Labor issued a List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor and India figured among 74 countries where significant incidence of critical working conditions has been observed. Unlike any other country, India was attributed 23 goods the majority of which is produced by child labor in the manufacturing sector.
Article 24 of India's constitution prohibits child labour. Additionally, various laws and the Indian Penal Code, such as the Juvenile Justice (care and protection) of Children Act-2000, and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act-1986 provide a basis in law to identify, prosecute and stop child labour in India.
Many NGOs like Bachpan Bachao Andolan, CARE India, Talaash Association Child Rights and You, Global march against child labour, RIDE India, Childline etc. have been working to eradicate child labour in India.
Pratham is India's largest non-governmental organisation with the mission 'every child in school and learning well.' Founded in 1995, Pratham has aimed to reduce child labour and offer schooling to children irrespective of their gender, religion and social background. It has grown by introducing low cost education models that are sustainable and reproducible.
Child labour has also been a subject of public interest litigations in Indian courts.
Child labour in district Siddharthnagar & Viklang Kalyan Seva Sansthan
Kailash Satyarthi may have earned accolades at the international level for the release and upliftment of over 80 thousand child labourers, but it is a fact that his efforts have barely scratched the surface of this huge problem.
In India alone, there are 1.26 crore child labourers doing menial jobs across the country. Agra, which is the hub of international tourism in India, has a high place in the hall of shame, with over 40 thousand child labourers, while the combined tally of child labourers in Uttar Pradesh is almost 40 lakh, which is one-third of the total number of child labourers in India.
The labour department does not care about these children and provides no assistance to the anti-child labour campaigns conducted in the city from time to time by NGOs.
The Founder Member & Managing Director of Viklang Kalyan Seva Sansthan (VKSSS) Mr. Mahesh Kumar Paswan who is also the President of Child Welfare Committee of District Siddharthnagar with his volunteers & in cooperation of authority persons raided several workplace & hotels/Dhabas throughout the district & rescued many Child labours.
The photographs of these child labours given here: